9 May 2024 - 09:00 | 10 May 2024 - 17:00

Auditorium 1

The Revolution of April 25th is 50 years old and to celebrate the fall of the fascist dictatorship of the Estado Novo, we invite the scientific and non-scientific community to send proposals for interventions in order to enhance the investigations that focused on the issue of women in the Portuguese Revolution .


Call for papers


Several feminist organizations played a significant role in expanding the debate on the condition of Portuguese women and in preserving female memory. Among these organizations, the Women's Democratic Movement (MDM), the Women's Liberation Movement (MLM) and the Union of Alternative and Response Women (UMAR) stand out. Furthermore, the contemporary creation of scientific journals whose central objective is the study of women's history, as is the case of Faces of Eva Magazine and gives ex aequo, illustrates how this impulse towards the future of the relationship between women and society must be restructured and continually strengthened. However, the historiography relating to the revolutionary period (both institutionally and socioculturally) still favors a “policy of exclusion and silencing” of women (Stevens, 2010).

Having said this, it is essential to highlight that we are currently witnessing new efforts, especially by female researchers, to understand the period of April 25, 1974 as a space of disputes and contradictions, where they played strategic roles in leading this revolutionary process. In addition to this historiographical perspective, it is important to highlight the role of social communication as “an important part in the political struggles and transformations that take place” (Rezola & Gomes, 2014). Whether through newspapers linked to political groups, daily newspapers or the controversies that involved radio and television during disputes between the military, parties and popular organizations, these topics are fundamental as sources for understanding this revolutionary past.

In order to overcome the fact that women are subjected to an “ocean of silence”, we seek contributions that aim to promote a public debate on the historical role of women, considering an intersectional approach that takes into account, mainly, class, gender and race. Although we have a particular interest in the areas of culture, customs, politics and social relations, we are open to other perspectives that prioritize women as an active and central object of investigation.



Organizing committee:
Ana Barradas (Journalist)
Ana Catarina Maia (FCSH-UNL)
Livia Cassemiro Sampaio (UAL)
Pâmela Peres Cabreira (NOVA/FCSH/IHC)
Teresa Melo (CDT: Feminism, Sexual Politics and Visual Culture/IRPH; Loughborough University]


Scientific commission:
Bruno Reis (UAL)
Joana Craveiro (NOVA/FCSH/IHC)
Livia Cassemiro Sampaio (UAL)
Manuela Tavares (CIEG/UMAR)
Maria do Carmo Piçarra (UAL- NOVA/FCSH/ICNOVA)
Maria José Magalhães (FPCEUP)
Pâmela Peres Cabreira (NOVA/FCSH/IHC)
Raquel Varela (NOVA/FCSH)
Virgínia Ferreira (FEUC/CES)


Bibliographic references:

  • Abadia, DM (2010). Jornal Combate and the autonomist social struggles in Portugal during the Carnation Revolution (1974-1978) [Master's thesis, Federal University of Goiás]. https://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/tede/items/67893fba-7f37-44ed-b423-1944d753cca5
  • Accornero, G. (2013). Student mobilization in the process of political radicalization during Marcelism. Social Analysis, nº 208, XLVIII (3rd), 572-591.Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon
  • Almeida, AN, & Wall, K. (2001). Family and everyday life: movements and signs of change. In JMB de Brito (Coord.), The country in revolution (vol. II, pp. 277 – 307). Editorial News
  • Cabreira, PP (2020). The self-management of Sogantal workers during the Portuguese revolutionary period: an analysis according to the newspaper Combate (1974-1975). In. AS Ferreira, & J. Madeira (Eds.) The Iberian radical left between dictatorship and democracy: crossed paths. Colibri Editions
  • Costa, MFVV. (1975). The Carnation. Morais Editors
  • Ferreira, V. (2010). The Equality of Women and Men at Work and Employment in Portugal: Policies and Circumstances. Editorial from the Ministry of Education
  • Gomes, M. (2019). The feminine side of the Carnation Revolution. Storia e Futuro, Rivista di Storia e Storiografia Contemporanea online, 51. https://storiaefuturo.eu/lado-feminino-revolucao-dos-cravos/
  • Kergoat, D. (2018). Fight, they say….SOS Body
  • Mascarenhas, JM (1999). April Woman. City Hall, Republic and Resistance Museum Library
  • Oliveira, L. T. (2004). Students and People in the Revolution. Student Civic service (1974-1977). Celtic
  • Patriarca, F. (1982). Taylor in Purgatory: Workers' work in heavy metalworking. Social Analysis, vol. XVIII (71), 1982-2nd, 435–530. http://analisesocial.ics.ul.pt/documentos/1223399927E6cPB5rt7Oi38ZK6.pdf
  • Perrot, M. (2005). Women or the silences of history. Edusc
  • Rezola, M. I. (2007). April 25, Myths of a Revolution. The Sphere of Books
  • Rezola, MI & Gomes, PM (2014). The Revolution in the Media. Chinese ink
  • Stevens, C. (2010). Gender and feminisms: (in)disciplinary convergences. Ex Libris
  • Strippoli, G. (2022). Women's Transnational Activism against Portugal's Colonial Wars. International Review of Social History, 67(S30), 209-236. doi:10.1017/S0020859022000037
  • Tavares, M. (2000). Women's Movement in Portugal. 70s and 80s. Horizon Books
  • Tavares, M. (2021). The participation of women on April 25, 1974 in Pragal. UMAR Edition
  • Varela, R. (2014). History of the People in the Portuguese Revolution 1974-1975. Bertrand Editora