Conference “Braços Cruzados, Máquinas Paradas (1978): the female working class in the light of a film analysis” | 23 October | 18:30 | Auditorium 1

23 Oct 2019 - 18:30

At the end of the 1970s, during the Brazilian democratic transition, the national left was surprised by large workers' strikes in São Paulo, a city with around 15 million inhabitants that at the time was the largest industrial center in Latin America. Arms Crossed, Machines Stopped (1978), a film by Roberto Gervitz and Sérgio Toledo Segall, is a documentary about these historical and political events. This presentation is a historiographical approach that explores filmic representations of female workers' movements. The study started from an iconographic vestige that made us establish a connection between film and painting The Fourth Estate (1901) by Giuseppe Pellizza da Volpedo. From this connection, we intend to demonstrate how there was a certain gender silence in the face of the fundamental role of working class women in Brazilian history in the 1970s.



Regina Egger Pazzanese

PhD in Social History from the Faculty of Philosophy, Letters and Human Sciences of the University of São Paulo (FFLCH-USP). Master in Social History (UEL) and graduated in Social Communication (FAAP). Researcher in visual arts, culture, circulation and artistic production and the practices of social movements emerging in the period of the Brazilian military dictatorship (1964-1985). He works in the areas of History and Audiovisual, mainly in the following subjects: Cinema and History, History of Contemporary Brazil, Cinema and Gender, World of Work, History of the Brazilian and International Labor Movement


Department of History, Arts and Humanities