When was the independence of Brazil consummated: in 1822, when it was proclaimed, or in 1808, with the arrival of the court in Rio de Janeiro?
How can one explain that Brazil was born as a constitutional monarchy in the midst of the newly proclaimed Spanish-American republics?
How, on the political, ritual and symbolic levels, did dynastic legitimacy combine with the new status assigned to the nation on both sides of the Atlantic?
What is the role of the press and publicity in the years of rupture?
How could political liberalism coexist with slavery?
Why were the different captaincies in Brazil not fragmented in the process of independence, as happened in neighboring Hispanic territories?
How did the idea of Brazil as a political unit and of Brazilians as a differentiated identity and citizenship come about?
The independence of Brazil was a decisive event in the history of Portugal. That is why this book sets out to answer these questions and more, in the year that celebrates 200 years of Brazil's independence.
José Damião Rodrigues (Presentation)
Roberta Stumpf (Author)
Nuno G. Monteiro (Author)
Department of History, Arts and Humanities